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Fats and your body

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Cellulite is actually made up of normal fat cells but added weight causes the tissue to lose its elasticity and can result in visible dimpling.

However, fat is one of the basic components that make up the structure of the body and low body fact can be dangerous because if a person’s body fat is less than 3% then their health may be compromised because normal, healthy functioning requires some amount of fat.  It is essential to have a certain amount of fat in a balanced diet in order to stay healthy and slim.

Furthermore, vitamins A, D, E and K are all fat-soluble, which means they need to dissolve in fat before being carried through your bloodstream to perform their functions. 

Fat protects body organs and keeps them warm and help the body absorb and move nutrients around but each group of fats behaves differently inside the body and consist of four groups, which are: saturated; mono-unsaturated; polyunsaturated and trans fats.  It is saturated fats which increase the risk of heart disease by raising blood cholesterol levels.

Trans fatty acids are not commonly found in foods but are found in small amounts in milk, cheese, beef and lamb. Mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are inclined to lower blood cholesterol when they replace saturated fats in the diet.  (Research has shown that olive oil consumption may have a protective role on breast, colon, lung, ovarian and skin cancer development.)

People with low body fat or who do not get enough fat in their diets often complain of being cold, also if a person feels they eat enough, but are often still hungry, this is because of an incorrect balance and not getting enough fat into daily healthy eating.

In addition a diet that is too low in fat especially essential fatty acids, which a body can only get from food, it can affect a person’s mental health. Both omega-3s and omega-6s play roles in mood and behaviour.

Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are sugars and starches which are found in most foods. While they are commonly known for their function in fuelling the body's energy needs, carbohydrates perform a wide variety of purposes in the body, including regulation of digestion, enabling of communication between cells as well as supporting immune functions.

Carbohydrates are the best form of energy
Thus proper nutrition means meeting your daily calorie needs and providing your body with the necessary nutrients to stay healthy and active and carbohydrates are important.  However, it is necessary to understand that there are two types of carbohydrates—complex and simple. Complex carbohydrates come naturally from fruits, vegetables, legumes (beans, lentils, peas) and whole grains. Simple carbohydrates come from sugars, which are typically processed and contain no significant nutrients.

The main purpose of carbohydrates is to provide energy, but the body can only store a limited amount of carbohydrate (about half a day’s supply of energy). The body stores carbohydrate as glycogen in the muscles and liver.



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