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Smoking Cessation

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The most important aspect to smoking cessation is maintaining the motivation to make multiple attempts.  About 40% of current smokers attempt to quit each year and 4% to 6% are successful; thus each year about 2% of smokers quit for good.

Why is smoking bad for one’s health?
Smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer among cancer patients; the lung is the main target of the smoke inhaled by cigarettes because it has direct contact with the chemicals.  Smoking causes 87 percent of lung cancer deaths and is also responsible for cancer in many other parts of the body. If a person smokes, they are at higher risk for cancers of the oesophagus, throat, mouth, and stomach, among others.

An estimated 1 in 3 deaths from cancer are attributed to smoking
The ingredients of tobacco smoke are chemically active – there are over 4,000 chemicals which can damage a smoker’s body; including: tar, carbon monoxide; nitrogen oxides; hydrogen cyanide, metals; ammonia and radio active compounds.

Carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide is a harmful gas which is inhaled when a person smokes; as soon as it is in the lungs, it is transferred into the bloodstream.  Carbon monoxide decreases the amount of oxygen that is carried in the red blood cells.  It also increases the amount of cholesterol that is deposited into the inner lining of the arteries which, over time, can cause the arteries to harden. 

Smoking harms every organ in the body
There is no point in eating a healthy diet and attending a gym or performing general regular exercise because healthy behaviour is meaningless if a person’s smokes.

Heart and Blood Health

Heart and blood vessel health is also affected by smoking; smoking changes the structure of blood vessels. This can lead to the build up of plaque that hardens and narrows the vessels, causing a disease called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a common cause of heart attacks and peripheral artery disease. The more a person smokes then the more their blood vessels are affected. 

Smoking increases a person’s likelihood of developing high blood pressure and furthermore smoking increases the incidence of blood clots, which can lead to strokes.

Smoking is a matter of routine
Smoking is a part of many people’s daily routine as regular as morning coffee, and it is for this very reason that quitting is not so easy because it is not just a physical habit but also mental.  Therefore in order to successfully stop smoking a person has to lessen the acts which lead up to the lighting of a cigarette, for example, watching the television at home - a particular programme may lead a person to associate that time with smoking.  In this instance it would be to a person’s advantage to rule out watching the television and perhaps go for a walk or some other activity which will not cause them to smoke.



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